'So much richness to waterfowl hunting'
John Devney is the senior vice president for Delta Waterfowl, a conservation and research group with U.S. headquarters in Bismarck, N.D. A native of Mahtomedi, Minn., Devney is a graduate of St. John's University in Collegeville, Minn., and has b...
John Devney is the senior vice president for Delta Waterfowl, a conservation and research group with U.S. headquarters in Bismarck, N.D. A native of Mahtomedi, Minn., Devney is a graduate of St. John's University in Collegeville, Minn., and has been with Delta since 1998.
North Dakota's waterfowl season opened Saturday for residents and will open next Saturday for non-residents. Devney talked about Delta's mission and waterfowl hunting prospects. Here's an edited transcript of that conversation:
Q. First off, what's the outlook for the coming waterfowl season?
A. A year ago, it was pretty grim. We had lots and lots of snow last winter but going into spring, I was concerned we weren't going to have enough moisture to recharge our wetlands just because we were so dry. But all that snow coupled with fast breakup and good precipitation through June, at least for the Dakotas portion of the prairie breeding grounds, it's in the best condition it's been in a decade. I think the breeding effort was remarkable.
Q. Delta sent out a news release last week indicating the U.S. side of the Prairie Pothole Region now produces more ducks than the Canadian side. What's at work there?
A. There appears to be a paradigm shift where breeding densities in the Dakotas tend to be very high. If you look at where things are in the Dakotas, it's because we've got intact native grasslands, we've got CRP [Conservation Reserve Program grasslands], albeit less than a few years ago, our wetland loss rate is much lower than prairie Canada and all of that makes for a good landscape.
Q. Does loss of land enrolled in the Conservation Reserve Program still loom as a potential threat?
A. I think so. Everybody in the conservation community -- Ducks Unlimited, Pheasants Forever, Delta -- have been advocating for a general signup, and both the past administration and this administration are trying to get total CRP acres below that cap. The good news is the Farm Service Agency last year did adjust rental rates upward very significantly, and I think the reason we saw declining participation in CRP was a run-up in commodity prices, with a commensurate run-up in cash rental rates, and reimbursement for CRP rental rates lagged behind that process. The market was quicker to respond than CRP, and it became too large of a gap for producers. The key is, we're going to need a new general signup to keep the program robust. I think the FSA and administration are looking at what the renewal pattern is going to be.
Q. Delta has long been known for promoting waterfowl research. What are some of the key research initiatives currently under way?
A. The predator management research continues to be very high priority. This year, the project focus was to trap areas where cover was less abundant with more intensively cultivated landscapes and, at least for this year, putting on hold those areas in that sort of moderate grass cover range. I don't have very specific results because it's all preliminary, but we saw very positive results there. Highly cultivated landscapes with lots of wetlands, especially in northeastern North Dakota, attract high numbers of breeding pairs but scarce nesting cover, so those were the areas we were targeting.
The research program continues to be very diverse, taking on a big range of topics. We've got a student at Utah State trying to build a population model for scaup to infer what's causing scaup declines.
We just did a social science project looking at landowner attitudes toward waterfowl conservation in the Dakotas and Minnesota. If we're going to have the landscape we need for breeding ducks in the prairies, the greatest chance of success is to make sure we have good information to formulate good public policy.
Q. Youth hunting continues to be a focus as hunter numbers decline nationally. Where does Delta fit into promoting youth hunting opportunities?
A. Right now, our best guess is we're going to have 110 youth hunts, both across the U.S. and Canada -- 40 different youth hunts with Delta in Canada and 70 in the U.S. The vast majority of those are hosted, mentored and run by our chapters, and so our chapters deserve the lion's share of the credit for that and basically, the way the Delta fundraising chapter system works is those folks have the opportunity to direct or retain up to 25 percent of those proceeds. That is the funding mechanism these folks use to have the resources to put on these mentored youth hunts. But that's a pretty significant youth accomplishment in just a few years.
Q. How many chapters does Delta have?
A. Right now, we're going to finish with 260 to 270 chapters all across the U.S. and Canada. Our total membership would be just under 50,000 right now. And that's way up. In 1998 when I started, Delta had eight fundraising banquets, so it's been a huge difference.
Q. Any idea what's behind that growth?
A. I think it's just a better awareness of who Delta is. Delta didn't have much of an outreach effort until the late '90s, and the primary reason for that is Delta didn't have a membership program until the mid-'90s. It was almost totally internally privately funded. As Delta started looking at the challenges, Delta understood we needed to have a membership we could represent. It's hard to affect public policy when you have 2,000 people.
Q. Not growing up in North Dakota, do you think the people here take the waterfowl opportunities they have for granted?
A. I think the appreciation for the resource is probably much higher today than it was 10-15 years ago, and the interest from outside the state has helped draw attention. So I think that's starting to change a little bit. Ultimately, if we're going to preserve these landscapes, the people that live here have to be vested in them.
Q. What is it about waterfowl hunting that keeps you coming back?
A. I think one of the things I really treasure about waterfowl hunting is how diverse the resource is. I've always loved ducks, I've always been fascinated about the biology of the behavior, but I think it's that diversity that's so rich. I can access that within 60 miles of my office. There's just so much richness to waterfowl hunting... the tradition, the different cultures that exist with waterfowl hunting, I can wake up and take a different waterfowl adventure every time I get up.