The 100-days benchmark by which to measure the performance of new presidents arrived Friday for President Joe Biden. The tradition originated in Franklin Delano Roosevelt's first term and was disavowed by President John F. Kennedy in his inaugural as a premature judgment.

Fair or not, here goes with my assessment on Biden’s initial conduct of foreign policy, which I find largely praiseworthy but with a couple of major concerns.

The country can be grateful that, from the get-go, Biden restored sanity and professionalism to the foreign policy-making process. He has been tougher than President Barack Obama and light-years more savvy and strategic than the erratic tweeter who made foreign policy in 280-word bursts.

In Secretary of State Antony Blinken and National Security Adviser Jake Sullivan, along with Defense Secretary Lloyd Austin, and their deputies, the White House opted for deep experience and expertise (although many key posts are still unfilled).

This is a team that will work together on policy, unlike the chaos of the previous White House, where the president made war on intelligence agencies and fired top national security officials like a reality TV host.

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Nothing so exemplified President Donald Trump's lack of strategic thinking than his disdain for NATO and insults to key European and Asian leaders.

It will be hard to rebuild trust, and there is still discord on China policy. But without tight coordination with allied democracies — including the new "Quad" grouping of India, Japan, Australia and the United States — America cannot push back against China's unfair trade policies or its efforts to set new authoritarian rules for the world.

Yes, the White House was slow to share excess vaccine with nations that were short. But in fairness, Biden took office in the wake of a shocking dereliction of COVID-19 duty by President Donald Trump. While miraculous vaccines were produced on Trump's watch, there was no national strategy for delivery.

So Biden's focus first had to be on vaccinations at home, including in underserved communities. Given that China and Russia have crowed about Trump's COVID-19 failures as indicative of an America in decline, this domestic focus was crucial not only for public health but also to show the world the U.S. was still competent. Now the White House is moving to share access to American overstock and will no doubt re-examine the issue of a World Trade Organization waiver on intellectual property rights to vaccines.

On China, a policy still in development, it would be fairest to give Biden an incomplete. So far, contrary to the GOP mantra of Biden as "soft" on China, he has been tough in a far shrewder way than Trump. Biden recognizes that a coherent China strategy must extend beyond exporting more soybeans and imposing trade sanctions. (He hasn't lifted Trump's but is working on a smarter trade policy.) To compete with China, America needs far better infrastructure, a huge public and private investment in R&D for cutting-edge technologies, and a functional government.

Not yet clear is where Biden sets red lines on the explosive issue of Taiwan or the South China Sea, and how he can, or should, back up his human rights demands on Hong Kong and Xinjiang.

But what a relief to have a president who doesn't fawn over Russia’s Vladimir Putin. Biden has talked tough on Ukraine and imposed sanctions where needed, although he has yet to convince Germany to harden its stance toward the Kremlin. One can only hope he'll tell Putin face to face that the death of opposition leader Alexei Navalny in prison will poison their relationship for good.

I understand Biden's urge to end "forever wars" but believe a small troop presence of 3,000 was not a war but an insurance policy. It could provide the airpower (the Afghans have no air force) and the intelligence to prevent a Taliban takeover and the murder or suppression of tens of thousands of women and girls.

Biden’s revival of a nuclear deal with Iran is incomplete. I would support a return to the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) nuclear deal, but only if Iran returns fully in return for some sanctions relief and agrees to a second negotiation on extending sunset clauses and curbing missiles before all sanctions are lifted. The Biden team has talked about that second round but there is no sign Iran is willing.

Other issues like North Korea are still in the review stage. And on climate change, the words are great but Biden is reaching far and China's current positions undermine the global effort.

Overall, I'd say Biden's first 100 days have delivered more than many people, myself included, expected. The next three years and nine months will be the real test.

Trudy Rubin is a columnist and editorial board member for the Philadelphia Inquirer. She can be contacted at A longer version of this commentary is posted at