Since the U.S. was established, there has never been a time in history where all its citizens could vote.
At first, only property-owning white men 21 and over could vote. In 1868, the right to vote was white men who were 21 and older. It wasn't until 1870 that black men were allowed to vote. It took another 50 years before women could vote. Native Americans were disenfranchised until less than 100 years ago.
Today more than 6 million citizens are still disqualified from voting as a result of their incarceration. This new suffrage movement has arisen because more and more Americans have come to realize our democracy is flawed due to draconian practices that inconsistently restrict citizens' civil liberties.
Many other democratic nations - including Canada, Israel, Germany, Norway, South Africa, and Spain - fully enfranchise their incarcerated population by allowing prisoners to vote.
- SEE ALSO: Should inmates be allowed to vote? No: Rehabilitation, freedom first before restoring voting rights
Incarcerated citizens have intimate knowledge of the criminal justice system that prison officials, staff, and outside citizens don't. We fail to take advantage of their direct experience to shape policy when we do not take their vote into consideration.
Prisoners' desire, for example, to make our nation's corrections facilities safer, rehabilitative, and more effective far outweigh that of other citizens because their lives depend on it.
We as a nation, cheat ourselves of the opportunity to shape our system around what works for impacted populations when we do not incorporate their votes.
Currently there is no one held responsible for the deplorable, volatile conditions of our nation's overcrowded prisons. Prisoners having their voting rights restored would make politicians accountable to prisoners and the conditions of our nation's prisons.
Restoring prisoners' right to vote could also reduce recidivism; 54 percent of prisoners - more than half of the citizens impacted by incarceration - believe that voting would help them stay out of federal and state prisons and local jails after their internment. Citizens participating in their society with a feeling of belonging because they are included in the development of law and public policy are less likely to commit crimes against it.
A main issue for citizens reintegrating from prison is their lack of knowledge in the many ways that society has changed by the time of their release. We can help make sure incarcerated citizens stay informed about societal evolutions by incentivizing them to stay engaged with politics through the practice of voting.
Many incarcerated individuals lost their voting rights prior to ever practicing them. Only 37 percent of today's prison population said they voted before they were incarcerated.
Felony disenfranchisement is a symptom left behind from Jim Crow. The rights of formerly enslaved Africans were tweaked, trimmed, and stripped throughout the Jim Crow era. A country committed to the abolition of slavery also would need to be committed to dismantling all of those policies that were created to uphold slavery practices including the exploitation of labor and stripping the voting rights of incarcerated populations.
With the era of mass incarceration ushered in by the failed war on drugs, it's essential that our government take a serious stance against decades of its dehumanization of prisoners because of overly punitive legislation. We can begin by restoring incarcerated citizens' voting rights.
Our nation is much too focused on punishment. The rehabilitative aspect of corrections departments along with rebuilding trust in government can be strengthened by fully enfranchising all of our nation's citizens - including those who are incarcerated.
Amani Sawari of Seattle is a champion of prisoners' rights. She is a graduate of the University of Washington with degrees in media communications and law, economics, and public policy.