Former 'City of Duluth' WWII bomber pilot dies at age 92
A Duluth native who piloted B-29 bombers, including the "City of Duluth," on World War II combat missions over Japan has died. Robert J. Willman died Aug. 15 in Wilsonville, Ore. He was 92. "He was very passionate about his aviation history, as h...
A Duluth native who piloted B-29 bombers, including the "City of Duluth," on World War II combat missions over Japan has died.
Robert J. Willman died Aug. 15 in Wilsonville, Ore. He was 92.
"He was very passionate about his aviation history, as he should have been," Veteran's Memorial Hall Curator Dan Hartman said. "He was so proud to be flying the City of Duluth. It was an honor to fly it."
Willman graduated from Denfeld High School in 1938 and enlisted in the Army Aviation Cadet program in 1941. After completing flight training, he worked as a flight instructor before being trained to fly B-17s and B-29s. Early in 1945 Willman was assigned to Guam as a B-29 pilot.
The B-29 was one of the largest aircraft used in World War II -- 99 feet long with a wingspan of 141 feet and a gross weight of more than 52 tons. Powered by four engines, the Superfortress had a top speed of 365 mph, a ceiling of 31,850 feet and a range of 5,830 miles. It could carry a 20,000-pound bomb load.
According to Boeing, 3,970 B-29s were built. Each cost $639,188 - more than $7 million today. As part of the effort to encourage Americans to buy war bonds, many of the B-29s were named for cities in the United States.
"I called my crew together and asked each one to put the name of his hometown on a piece of paper," Willman said in an account of his service he wrote for Veterans' Memorial Hall "We'd put all the names in a hat and have one of our mechanics pull one name out of the hat. Whatever name was on the paper would become the name of our airplane. I believe there was a conspiracy. Without a doubt, there were 11 pieces of paper in that hat, all with the name Duluth on them."
The City of Duluth had a second name as well - "The She Wolf."
Willman and the City of Duluth flew their first bombing mission with the 330th Bombardment Group on April 12, 1945. The 18-hour-long mission to bomb an oil refinery north of Tokyo went well.
"We encountered no fighter opposition and only spotty and inaccurate flak," Willman wrote.
But on their return to Guam, one of the group's planes crashed as it tried to land. Willman attended the mass funeral for the crew the next day.
"It was sobering for us to see 10 wooden boxes all lined up beside the open graves," he wrote. "Our group chaplain conducted a short but dignified service."
According to a blog dedicated to the 330 Bomb Group, the group lost nearly 100 men in combat, training or in Japanese captivity.
The B-29 was built for bombing from high altitude. But over Japan, many of the plane's missions were not to drop conventional bombs but rather incendiaries from lower altitudes to set cities ablaze. One of Willman's missions was to firebomb Tokyo.
"About 100 (miles) out we could see a glow on the horizon," Willman wrote. "This turned out to be Tokyo on fire."
After six missions, Willman and his crew returned to America for more training. When they returned to Guam, Willman flew another nine combat missions on the City of Red Bank, also known as "The Happy Savage." He flew its final mission as the Japanese surrendered after two other B-29s -- Enola Gay and Bockscar -- had dropped atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki.
"Several times while on these missions there was time to think about what we were doing, and my thoughts were generally of the nature that some day I could fly and do something constructive rather than destructive," Willman wrote years after the war. "I realized that what we were doing had to be done in view of the circumstances, but it brought no joy."
After the war, Willman became a pilot for Delta, until he was recalled to service during the Korean War. During that war he flew a C-124 military transport.
"These were secret missions in which, at the beginning of the Cold War, the United States was pre-positioning atomic weapons over to Europe," said Willman's son, Robert Willman Jr.
After that war, Willman returned to Delta, flying for them until retiring in 1976.
"He was a lifelong aviator," Willman Jr. said. "During his career he amassed a total of 32,000 flight hours without accident."
Willman's brother, Allen, still lives in Duluth. He is trying to get a model of the City of Duluth built for display at Duluth International Airport.
"I think it would be a fitting thing," he said. "It is nice that the city of Duluth remembers they were involved in World War II."