Protesters halted traffic and occupied the Aerial Lift Bridge for approximately 30 minutes after marching to the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers building in Duluth’s Canal Park to demand that the federal government revoke permits for Enbridge's Line 3 pipeline.

A few hundred participated in the "March for Manoomin” starting from the St. Louis County Courthouse in downtown Duluth and ending in front of the doors of the Army Corps building, where people chanted “no license for genocide” and “open up,” to no avail.

Line 3 pipeline protesters marched from the St. Louis County Courthouse to the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers office in Duluth's Canal Park on Thursday, Aug. 19, 2021. 
Andee Erickson / Duluth News Tribune
Line 3 pipeline protesters marched from the St. Louis County Courthouse to the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers office in Duluth's Canal Park on Thursday, Aug. 19, 2021. Andee Erickson / Duluth News Tribune

“This isn’t about reservations. This isn’t about a couple tribal nations. This is about everyone, absolutely everyone,” said Taysha Martineau, a member of the Fond du Lac Band of Lake Superior Chippewa who helped form the Line 3 resistance camp in Cloquet.

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Opponents of the oil pipeline have long said it violates Indigenous treaty rights, threatens to contaminate water with risk of oil spills, contributes to climate change as it strengthens reliance on fossil fuels and exposes communities next to the construction projects to human trafficking.

Leaders of the march had hoped to have a conversation with members of the Army Corps about the environmental impacts of the 340-mile oil pipeline across northern Minnesota. But the only authorities demonstrators faced were Duluth police officers, who arrived after demonstrators continued to occupy the bridge when the operator asked people to disperse so it could lift to allow ships through.

A screenshot from Duluth Harborcam shows a "Stop Line 3" banner on the Aerial Lift Bridge in Duluth on Thursday, Aug. 19, 2021. 
Contributed / Duluth Harborcam
A screenshot from Duluth Harborcam shows a "Stop Line 3" banner on the Aerial Lift Bridge in Duluth on Thursday, Aug. 19, 2021. Contributed / Duluth Harborcam

At least six squad cars with the Duluth Police Department eventually responded to the demonstration, diverting resources from the "Kids, Cops and Cars" event at Bayfront Festival Park. After the first officers arrived, some protesters shouted “white bodies on the bridge,” causing more demonstrators to gather on its sidewalk. A few protesters shouted at a couple officers until they eventually stepped aside.

Duluth police officers responded to a Line 3 protest in Canal Park on Thursday, Aug. 19, 2021. 
Andee Erickson / Duluth News Tribune
Duluth police officers responded to a Line 3 protest in Canal Park on Thursday, Aug. 19, 2021. Andee Erickson / Duluth News Tribune

Demonstrators then flooded the bridge and temporarily closed it to all traffic until an Indigenous elder called for people to leave the bridge and return to the lawn. Other march leaders, including Martineau, echoed that call by telling protesters they weren’t gathered to face the police, but to discuss the environmental impacts of the pipeline.

Leaders were able to redirect protesters off the bridge by asking them to form a circle on the lawn for music and dancing.

Drummers perform on the steps of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers building in Duluth's Canal Park on Thursday, Aug. 19, 2021. 
Andee Erickson / Duluth News Tribune
Drummers perform on the steps of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers building in Duluth's Canal Park on Thursday, Aug. 19, 2021. Andee Erickson / Duluth News Tribune

Protesters dance in front of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers building in Duluth's Canal Park on Thursday, Aug. 19, 2021. 
Andee Erickson / Duluth News Tribune
Protesters dance in front of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers building in Duluth's Canal Park on Thursday, Aug. 19, 2021. Andee Erickson / Duluth News Tribune

"Demonstrating peacefully and showcasing people’s First Amendment is a right to all and our officers are here to ensure safety for everyone," Duluth Police Department spokesperson Mattie Hjelseth said in a statement.

Hjelseth said the department made no arrests.

“I want to take a moment to say thank-you to each and every one of you who are out here right now,” Martineau said to the crowd. “To all of you who stood on the bridge and brought that warrior spirit so that those who have not witnessed that can see what that looks like.”

Protesters lock arms as they face Duluth police officers in front of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers building in Canal Park on Thursday, Aug. 19, 2021. 
Andee Erickson / Duluth News Tribune
Protesters lock arms as they face Duluth police officers in front of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers building in Canal Park on Thursday, Aug. 19, 2021. Andee Erickson / Duluth News Tribune

Thursday’s march followed the “Water is Life: Stop Line 3” music festival Wednesday in Bayfront Festival Park and the Biden administration decision in June to defend the Army Corps’ federal permit for the Line 3 pipeline.

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The Army Corps had issued the permit under the Trump administration, but pipeline opponents had hoped President Joe Biden would cancel it after he canceled a permit for the Keystone XL pipeline.

Enbridge is about two-thirds done with work on Line 3.

The Fond du Lac Reservation business committee originally opposed the project, but later agreed to allow Enbridge to build the pipeline through the reservation until the Line 3 route had two options: Go through the reservation following an existing pipeline courier or go through treaty land outside the reservation without any pipelines.

The Leech Lake Band of Ojibwe was also opposed to the pipeline until Enbridge agreed to remove the old Line 3 pipeline from its reservation. The new pipeline is not routed through that reservation.

A line of Duluth police squad cars are parked on Morse Street as officers respond to a Line 3 protest in Canal Park on Thursday, Aug. 19, 2021.
Dan Williamson / Duluth News Tribune
A line of Duluth police squad cars are parked on Morse Street as officers respond to a Line 3 protest in Canal Park on Thursday, Aug. 19, 2021. Dan Williamson / Duluth News Tribune

Jaike SpottedWolf, an Indigenous advocate, of Seattle, first joined Camp Miigizi, the Line 3 resistance camp in Cloquet, in May.

"I've been here ever since to help fight the line for my Indigenous brothers, sisters, nonbinary cousins, for Indigenous sovereignty and to stop the destruction, the pollution and the absolute raping of the earth via the pipeline that is Enbridge," SpottedWolf said.

A man who identified himself as "Ghoestowar," center, holds a flag pole while standing in front of police at a Stop Line 3 protest near the Aerial Lift Bridge in Duluth Thursday, Aug. 19, 2021.
Dan Williamson / Duluth News Tribune
A man who identified himself as "Ghoestowar," center, holds a flag pole while standing in front of police at a Stop Line 3 protest near the Aerial Lift Bridge in Duluth Thursday, Aug. 19, 2021. Dan Williamson / Duluth News Tribune

"We've been fighting colonizers for 500 (expletive) years," SpottedWolf said. "When will it stop?"

John Miller, of Hawaii, and formerly of Minnesota, said in front of the Army Corps building that he served 11 years in the U.S. Navy and was deployed three times to the Middle East.

Allen Richardson of Duluth, right, holds a pole with a flag that reads "Honor Treaties" while speaking with Troy Rogers of Duluth at a Line 3 protest in Canal Park on Thursday, Aug. 19, 2021.
Dan Williamson / Duluth News Tribune
Allen Richardson of Duluth, right, holds a pole with a flag that reads "Honor Treaties" while speaking with Troy Rogers of Duluth at a Line 3 protest in Canal Park on Thursday, Aug. 19, 2021. Dan Williamson / Duluth News Tribune

The state of Minnesota awarded him commendation medals, which he plans to return next week because he cannot “in good conscience” keep them as long as the pipeline project continues.

"I believe in their heart of hearts there are a lot of people that are still willing to listen. They're just scared. They don't have the courage yet to stand up," Miller said. "I ask you to call your family, call your relatives, be compassionate, try not to get in their face because some of them don't know the story. Try to explain to them the story."

Line 3 opponents plan to occupy the Minnesota State Capitol on Wednesday while a solidarity event is planned in Duluth for those who can’t travel to St. Paul.

People sat in the grass in front of the US Army Corps of Engineers building in Duluth at a Line 3 protest in Canal Park on Thursday, Aug. 19, 2021.
Dan Williamson / Duluth News Tribune
People sat in the grass in front of the US Army Corps of Engineers building in Duluth at a Line 3 protest in Canal Park on Thursday, Aug. 19, 2021. Dan Williamson / Duluth News Tribune

This story was last updated at 4:33 p.m. Aug. 19 with additional details from the demonstration. It was originally posted at 1:32 p.m. Aug. 19.