Old man winter is here to stay, and dog owners need to take special care to keep their four-legged friends safe and warm.

With frigid temperatures and frequent snowfall come a variety of dangers that put your pup at risk. The American Kennel Club offers the following tips to help keep your dog healthy and happy this winter:

- Avoid road salt and other types of ice-melting products when talking your dog for a walk. They can hurt your dog’s paws and can be toxic if he decides to give it a taste. Be sure to rinse and dry your pup’s paws when you get home to make sure they’re clean.

- Pay special attention to their paws by trimming the hair from between your pup’s paws. This will help prevent ice balls from forming there. Snow and ice can cause cuts and cracked pads as your pup spends time outdoors. You can also try applying a small amount of petroleum jelly to your dog’s paw pads before you go for a walk to help repel the snow and keep them moisturized.

- Do not leave your dog alone in the car on cold days. Just as your car becomes sweltering in the summer, it gets extremely cold in the winter. If it’s too cold for you to sit comfortably, then it’s too cold for your dog, too.

- Steer clear of antifreeze puddles in driveways. This is a huge risk because it smells and tastes good to dogs, but it’s lethal. You can also use pet-friendly antifreeze, which contains a far less toxic chemical and doesn’t taste as pleasant to animals.

- Bundle up your dog when you go outside if you have a hairless or smooth-coated breed to keep them warm.

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