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Bygones: 100 years ago, 1,907 Duluthians were illiterate

Bygones is researched and written by David Ouse, retired reference librarian from the Duluth Public Library. He can be contacted at

Duluth News Tribune archive / Newsbank

News Tribune, Dec. 1, 1981

  • Duluth Arena officials said yesterday they will close their private Dog House Club at the end of the hockey season. A group of downtown business people complained that the club, which provides food and drinks to members, was taking away their customers.
  • The Duluth City Council last night voted to bar hairdressers from operating one-chair beauty salons and barber shops in their homes. Earlier, the city Planning Commission had recommended that the council change the zoning code to allow salons in homes.

News Tribune, Dec. 1, 1921

  • Carl H. Salminen, publisher of the Paivalehti, a Duluth daily Finnish newspaper, has been appointed vice consul for Duluth by the government of Finland. The Duluth vice consulate is one of six in the United States established by the Finnish government.
  • According to the 1920 Census, of the 98,917 people in Duluth, 51,873 were men and 47,044 were women. There were 1,907 persons determined to be illiterate, defined as over 10 years of age and unable to write in any language.

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