The top five projects at the Northeastern Minnesota and American Indian Regional Science and Engineering Fair were selected to attend the Intel International Science and Engineering Fair in Los Angeles in May. The Cloquet students mentored by Cynthia Welsh and William Bauer who attended were:

• Seniors Levi Peterson and Jacob Schmidt with their project titled "A Nice Fracking Solution Phase III: The Implementation of a Testing Protocol to Test De-Icing Qualities of Fracking Salt Pellets When Compared to Road Salt (NaCl) and to Test Plausibility of Implementation of Fracking Salt Pellets as a Possible Northern Road De-Icer"

• Junior Frances Slater and her project "Mathematical Analysis of Melanocyte Patterns on Danio Rerio"

• Seniors Josie Pickar and Jada Johnson and their research titled "Dangerous Diversity: What Effect Does Bisphenol S (BPS) Have on Escherichia-coli (E. coli) and Probiotics Bacterial Growth?"

• Freshman Abigail Smith and her sound modeling project.

• Hinckley-Finlayson high school junior Katelyn France is also an ISEF finalist, and was mentored by Dennis Boxrud, Hinckley-Finlayson science teacher. France presented her project titled "Anaphylactic Shocker: The Use of a Dynamic QR Medical Bracelet to Administer a Practice Epinephrine Auto-Injector During a Staged Medical Emergency."

The University of Arizona selected Slater's project for the Intel ISEF Arizona Excellence award. Claire Taubman, Cloquet sophomore, and her project titled "Daphnia Magna Ingestion of Microplastics (Avoidance vs. Consumption)," and juniors Morgan Smith and Jordin Weisz and their project titled "The Effect of Ibuprofen-Contaminated Sediment on Benthic Community Diversity and Survival, Reproduction, and Avoidance of Contaminated Sediment in Boundary Waters Sediment and Lake Superior Water" were selected to attend the International Sustainable World Energy, Engineering and Environment Project Olympiad in Houston. Taubman was awarded a silver medal grand award; Smith and Weisz received honorable mention awards.

Students were mentored by Welsh, Cloquet High School Science research teacher.

Selected to attend the International Environmental Genius Olympiad in Oswego, N.Y. in June were:

• Cloquet freshman Abigail Smith and her project "Measuring the Sound Absorption, Reflection Coefficient and Acoustic Impedance of Different Materials in a High School Auditorium, Using a Designed and Constructed Testing Apparatus, In Order to Create a Theoretical Sound Level Modeling Application"

• Cassandra Neumann and Gabby Laubach with their project "Busting Bad Buckthorn Phase Three: The Effect of a Buckthorn Puller Treatment Method (Hand Pulling and Chemically Treated) on the Diameter of the Plant That Can Be Pulled and the Effect of Growth Over Time."

• Cloquet sophomore Claire Taubman, for her research on microparticles, and Hinckley junior Katelyn France were awarded one of the top Silver Medal Awards, while Neumann, Laubach, Peterson and Schmidt received an honorable mention award.

Students attending Genius Olympiad are mentored by Cynthia Welsh and William Bauer, Cloquet High School science and technology instructors. Students were given special assistance from: Joel Hoffman, Dave Mount and Michelle Glutch of the Environmental Protection Agency laboratory in Duluth, and Jennifer Liang, University of Minnesota Duluth biology professor.

Three Cloquet Middle School students and their two science research projects were selected to win the gold and silver awards at the National American Indian Virtual Science and Engineering Fair.

• Maya Fairbanks and Pery Affias and their project "What Effect Do Salinity Levels Have on Romaine Lettuce Growth Using Hydroponics," was the only project selected in the nation for the first-place award.

• Ahna Anderson's project "What Effect Does DISC Personality Grouping Have on Interactive Technology Learning Success" was the only project selected in the nation for the second-place award.

Cloquet junior Morgan Smith was selected by the Minnesota Department of Education as a Meritorious Scholars of Distinction in Science as a distinguished high school student for her exemplary levels of performance in science. Smith and her research partner, Jordin Weisz, were mentored by Cynthia Welsh and given extra project support from Dave Mount, Joel Hoffman and Michelle Gutsch, Duluth EPA Scientists.